Hand tufted carpet use high quality wool so the finished product looks and wears much like a hand-knotted rug. Unlike a hand-knotted rug, a hand tufted rug is created without tying knots.
Making a hand tufted carpets takes a fraction of the time to make, therefore greatly reducing the cost. As a result, hand-tufted carpet is very affordable. These wool carpets are made with a tool called a “tufting gun.” Loops of wool are pushed through a backing that has been imprinted with the overall design. When the rug maker is through with his process another foundation, called a scrim is applied with latex glue. When this dries, the final protective cloth backing is applied.
The last step is to shear the rug so that all of the loops on the top of the rug are cut, which in turn creates the pile.